How to open the green mode for the hottest express

2022-08-22
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How to open the green mode of express packaging

release date: Source: Shenzhen Special Zone News Editor: Yu Jia Views: 1899 copyright and disclaimer

core tips: how to reduce the pollution of express packaging garbage? Since this year, according to the requirements of the main leaders of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, the urban construction, environmental protection and assets supervision and Administration Commission of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress has carried out a special investigation on the green development of the packaging of the express industry, and 1. The lifting part of the jaw of the electronic tensile testing machine should be kept clean and lubricated at any time, forming a research report. It is suggested to strengthen efforts in the garbage classification system, the joint management and negotiation mechanism, the construction of local standards and other aspects to give the express packaging a green destination

[China Packaging News] today, online shopping has become one of people's daily lifestyles. China's express business volume has ranked first in the world for three consecutive years, accounting for more than 40% of the world. However, this industry has also produced amazing express packaging waste while making rapid progress. Only the tape used for packaging is 15. The strain rate range: 0.00025/s-0.0025/s. For example, in 2015, the tape used in the express industry exceeded 16.9 billion meters, and it can circle the equator of the earth more than 420 times

how to reduce the pollution of express packaging garbage? Since this year, according to the requirements of the main leaders of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, the working committee of urban construction, environmental protection and assets supervision of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress has carried out a special investigation on the green development of the express packaging industry, and formed an investigation report, suggesting that efforts should be made in the garbage classification system, the co management and consultation mechanism, the construction of local standards, etc., to give express packaging a green destination

when discussing the report at the chairman's meeting of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, the leaders of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress said that the environmental pollution caused by express packaging needs to be widely valued by all sectors of society, and the government, enterprises and consumers should take positive actions to jointly promote the green development of express packaging. The Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress will also continue to pay attention to this issue and make contributions to reducing express delivery pollution and promoting the construction of ecological civilization

current situation: Shenzhen produces 20 kg of express packaging waste per capita a year

how serious is the pollution of express packaging waste in China? The report released by the State Post Office shows that in 2015, China's express delivery business completed nearly 20.7 billion pieces, 3.1 billion woven bags, especially suitable for engineering construction departments, with 8.268 billion plastic bags, 3.105 billion envelopes, 9.922 billion packaging boxes, 2.977 billion internal fillers, and 16.985 billion meters of tape, an increase of more than 45% year-on-year compared with 2014. This figure is still growing at a high speed

with a good market economic environment, the manufacturing industry and e-commerce in our city are particularly developed, making the development of express delivery industry always in the forefront of the country. In 2016, the express business volume in Shenzhen reached 2.05 billion pieces, with a year-on-year increase of 45.9%, ranking third in the country. In 2016, the volume of express delivery business increased 12 times over 2011, with an average of 5.6 million pieces per day and 172 pieces per capita. In 2017, Shenzhen express business volume completed a total of 925million pieces, with a year-on-year increase of 26.21%. According to relevant estimates, if roughly calculated by using 0.2 kg of packaging materials per express, Shenzhen will earn 1.208 billion express pieces per year, which can produce 241600 tons of express packaging waste per capita

problem 1: excessive packaging is serious, and the recycling rate is low.

obviously, it is just a few small bottles of skin care products, but the express package is a colorful medium-sized carton, which is full of plastic bubble pads and airbags. In life, citizens often receive such express delivery

according to the survey report, express packaging waste has accounted for nearly 40% of municipal solid waste. In addition to the rapid growth of express business, excessive packaging is also one of the important reasons. Why should express items be "covered" with layers of "protective covers"? Many businesses said that in terms of product safety, simple and thin packaging is easy to be bumped and damaged during transportation. Moreover, too simple packaging will affect customers' shopping experience, and some buyers will reject or not give praise to the store because the packaging is not firm

the recycling of express delivery is also a big problem. On the one hand, due to the high price of environmentally friendly and degradable packaging materials, some express delivery enterprises still use the traditional plastic bags and tapes with non degradable product quality from the concept, objectives, systems to specific operation details, which are not only non recyclable, but also bring huge environmental pollution. On the other hand, express packaging has short recycling cycle, heavy recycling workload, thin profits and high costs. The recycling cost is often greater than the cost of newly purchased materials, and the recycling rate is low. It is estimated that the overall recovery rate of express packaging waste in China is less than 10%, of which the recovery rate of cartons is less than 20%, and the recovery rate of fillers and tapes is close to zero

problem 2: Express packaging is lack of national mandatory standards

according to the survey, at present, China's systematic norms on express packaging are almost blank. As recommended national standards or industrial standards, the standards for express packaging supplies, express waybills and express electronic waybills currently used are not mandatory and difficult to implement, fail to form effective constraints on market players, and have not yet received significant results in green development. At the same time, the express packaging design used by various express delivery enterprises in the market is different, with different materials and specifications, which is difficult to be universal, and also hinders the recycling of express packaging to a certain extent

not long ago, the Interim Regulations on express delivery (Draft for comments) issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council mainly focuses on standardizing the management of the express delivery industry and ensuring the safety of express delivery. With regard to express packaging, it only stipulates that the State encourages enterprises and senders operating express delivery business to use degradable and reusable environmental protection packaging materials, and has not made provisions on express packaging waste

suggestion 1: integrate express packaging into the urban garbage classification and recycling system

how to promote the green development of express packaging? The report points out that the green development of express packaging not only covers multiple subjects such as packaging material manufacturers, suppliers, express enterprises, e-commerce platforms and merchants, but also relates to tens of thousands of consumers. It can not be achieved only with the efforts of a certain region or industry, but also a long-term system project that requires the joint participation of multiple parties. Taking Shenzhen as an example, the local policies and legislation of Shenzhen cannot effectively cover the non local express delivery, which accounts for three quarters of the express delivery business volume in our city

although local governments face some constraints in the production and use of packaging materials, it does not mean that local governments do nothing. The focus can be on the recycling and recycling of express packaging

the report suggests that waste classification legislation should be initiated as soon as possible and express packaging should be included in the urban waste classification and recycling system. The regulations on the classification and management of domestic waste in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone should be promulgated as soon as possible, and the classification of domestic waste should be promoted from the previous encouragement to a comprehensive enforcement by means of legislation, and the regulations on the use and recycling of express packaging waste should be studied

recommendation 2: the "Shenzhen standard" for express packaging is issued. The report believes that the efforts of the competent postal authorities alone are far from enough to promote green packaging for express delivery, which requires the attention and support of relevant departments such as development and reform, economic and information technology, transportation, human settlements, urban management and so on. Therefore, we should guide from the overall situation, clarify the leading departments, strengthen departmental linkage, and promote joint management and governance. At the same time, strengthen the daily supervision of packaging materials, and explore the incorporation of environmental protection indicators such as green packaging into the construction of the industry integrity system

the report suggests that the construction of Shenzhen standard for express packaging should be put on the agenda in combination with the creation of Shenzhen "standard international innovation city demonstration". Give full play to the role of industry associations and the function of industry self-discipline, accelerate the organization and formulation of local technical specifications for express packaging in Shenzhen, and create leading and innovative Shenzhen standards, so as to optimize market norms and strive to provide reference for the formulation of national standards

suggestion 3: introduce special funds to mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises

it is understood that the technology of degradable and renewable new express packaging materials on the market is relatively mature, but the degree of marketization is not high. The main reason is that the cost of green materials is higher than that of ordinary materials. Green development is a game between enterprises' pursuit of profits and social commitment. Many enterprises are enthusiastic about low-carbon, green and sustainable development, but if the enthusiasm of enterprises is not supported and compensated, it will be difficult to sustain

the report suggests that in order to give full play to the main role of enterprises and mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises, attention should be paid to the research and introduction of financial support policies, necessary financial support should be given to all links of production, research and development, and the use of environmentally friendly packaging materials, and preference should be given to industries engaged in packaging recycling, production, and the use of renewable resources. Specifically, it includes the following four aspects:

first, provide financial subsidies to Green Express packaging research and development institutions, and support enterprises to develop and produce recyclable and degradable packaging materials. Second, set up a "green packaging" fund support project in the special fund for the development of modern logistics industry to subsidize express enterprises for implementing specific actions or measures for green development. Third, in combination with the implementation of compulsory classification of domestic waste, green recycling points should be set up in conditional communities, business districts and campuses to meet the service needs of the last mile of express delivery. Fourth, set up a green recycling fund to encourage couriers to recycle packages immediately after delivery by economic means, and encourage consumers to actively participate in recycling in the form of bonuses, vouchers, points and similar ways

suggestion 4: the "green" of express packaging cannot be achieved without consumer support

the report suggests that the government should strengthen the publicity of waste classification and the construction of supporting facilities, advocate the concept of low-carbon packaging, guide and encourage consumers to consciously reduce unnecessary express procurement services, consciously classify waste, consciously resist excessive packaging, and consciously cooperate with the recycling behavior of express enterprises, Realize the connection between garbage classification and recycling and renewable resources recycling

at the same time, carry out pilot projects of classified recycling and recycling of express packaging in Colleges and universities or communities with a large number of young people, find and solve problems in the pilot process, and provide a practical basis and accumulate experience for the green development of express packaging. Through the pilot, it will be gradually extended to the whole city

Germany: legislate compulsory recycling. Germany is the first country to promulgate special regulations on packaging waste treatment. In 1991 and 1997, it successively issued the "measures for the management of packaging waste" and the "law on packaging recycling and reuse", implemented a tradable license system in source control and a garbage charging system in recycling; In the field of packaging waste, the "producer system" is introduced, and the principle of polluter burden is adhered to, and the recycling and treatment of packaging waste are implemented into the entities of production and consumption

United States: recycling and packaging enterprises can reduce taxes

the United States has paid attention to green packaging since the 1990s. In order to improve the enthusiasm of enterprises to recycle packaging, the governments of various states in the United States will appropriately exempt enterprises from relevant taxes according to the recycling rate of enterprise packaging

Japan: mandatory classification to achieve recycling

Japan is committed to the construction of recycling system and encourages the establishment of a large number of recycling stations in the country. After consumers classify packaging waste, the government is responsible for collecting and transporting it to a special treatment center for recycling and remanufacture. At the same time, Japan also stipulates

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